History's Heroines

Badass ladies who have made their mark on history.

historicaltimes:

Female Indian telephone switchboard operator, Helen of Many Glacier Hotel, June 1925.

historicaltimes:

Female Indian telephone switchboard operator, Helen of Many Glacier Hotel, June 1925.

(via itsawomansworld2)

thepeoplesrecord:

10 intriguing female revolutionaries that you didn’t learn about in history class
August 24, 2014

We all know male revolutionaries like Che Guevara, but history often tends to gloss over the contributions of female revolutionaries that have sacrificed their time, efforts, and lives to work towards burgeoning systems and ideologies. Despite misconceptions, there are tons of women that have participated in revolutions throughout history, with many of them playing crucial roles. They may come from different points on the political spectrum, with some armed with weapons and some armed with nothing but a pen, but all fought hard for something that they believed in.

Let’s take a look at 10 of these female revolutionaries from all over the world that you probably won’t ever see plastered across a college student’s T-shirt.

Nadezhda Krupskaya
Many people know Nadezhda Krupskaya simply as Vladimir Lenin’s wife, but Nadezhda was a Bolshevik revolutionary and politician in her own right. She was heavily involved in a variety of political activities, including serving as the Soviet Union’s Deputy Minister of Education from 1929 until her death in 1939, and a number of educational pursuits. Prior to the revolution, she served as secretary of the Iskra group, managing continent-wide correspondence, much of which had to be decoded. After the revolution, she dedicated her life to improving education opportunities for workers and peasants, for example by striving to make libraries available to everyone.

Constance Markievicz
Constance Markievicz (née Gore-Booth) was an Anglo-Irish Countess, Sinn Féin and Fianna Fáil politician, revolutionary nationalist, suffragette and socialist. She participated in many Irish independence efforts, including the Easter Rising of 1916, in which she had a leadership role. During the Rising, she wounded a British sniper before being forced to retreat and surrender. After, she was the only woman out of 70 to be put into solitary confinement. She was sentenced to death, but was pardoned based on her gender. Interestingly, the prosecuting counsel claimed that she begged “I am only a woman, you cannot shoot a woman”, while court records show she said “I do wish your lot had the decency to shoot me”. Constance was one of the first women in the world to hold a cabinet position (Minister for Labour of the Irish Republic, 1919–1922), and she was also the first woman elected to the British House of Commons (December 1918)—a position which she rejected due to the Sinn Féin abstentionist policy.

Petra Herrera
During the Mexican Revolution, female soldiers known as soldaderas went into combat along with the men although they often faced abuse. One of the most well-known of the soldaderas was Petra Herrera, who disguised her gender and went by the name “Pedro Herrera”. As Pedro, she established her reputation by demonstrating exemplary leadership (and blowing up bridges) and was able to reveal her gender in time. She participated in the second battle of Torreón on May 30, 1914 along with about 400 other women, even being named by some as being deserving of full credit for the battle. Unfortunately, Pancho Villa was likely unwilling to give credit to a woman and did not promote her to General. In response, Petra left Villa’s forces and formed her own all-woman brigade.

Nwanyeruwa
Nwanyeruwa, an Igbo woman in Nigeria, sparked a short war that is often called the first major challenge to British authority in West Africa during the colonial period. On November 18, 1929, an argument between Nwanyeruwa and a census man named Mark Emereuwa broke out after he told her to “count her goats, sheep and people.” Understanding this to mean she would be taxed (traditionally, women were not charged taxes), she discussed the situation with the other women and protests, deemed the Women’s War, began to occur over the course of two months. About 25,000 women all over the region were involved, protesting both the looming tax changes and the unrestricted power of the Warrant Chiefs. In the end, women’s position were greatly improved, with the British dropping their tax plans, as well as the forced resignation of many Warrant Chiefs.

Lakshmi Sehgal
Lakshmi Sahgal, colloquially known as “Captain Lakshmi”, was a revolutionary of the Indian independence movement, an officer of the Indian National Army, and later, the Minister of Women’s Affairs in the Azad Hind government. In the 40s, she commanded the Rani of Jhansi Regiment, an all-women regiment that aimed to overthrow British Raj in colonial India. The regiment was one of the very few all-female combat regiments of WWII on any side, and was named after another renowned female revolutionary in Indian history, Rani Lakshmibai, who was one of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.

Sophie Scholl
German revolutionary Sophie Scholl was a founding member of the non-violent Nazi resistance group The White Rose, which advocated for active resistance to Hitler’s regime through an anonymous leaflet and graffiti campaign. In February of 1943, she and other members were arrested for handing out leaflets at the University of Munich and sentenced to death by guillotine. Copies of the leaflet, retitled The Manifesto of the Students of Munich, were smuggled out of the country and millions were air-dropped over Germany by Allied forces later that year.

Blanca Canales
Blanca Canales was a Puerto Rican Nationalist who helped organize the Daughters of Freedom, the women’s branch of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party. She was one of the few women in history to have led a revolt against the United States, known as the Jayuya Uprising. In 1948, a severely restricting bill known as the Gag Bill, or Law 53, was introduced that made it a crime to print, publish, sell, or exhibit any material intended to paralyze or destroy the insular government. In response, the Nationalists starting planning armed revolution. On October 30, 1950, Blanca and others took up arms which she had stored in her home and marched into the town of Jayuya, taking over the police station, burning down the post office, cutting the telephone wires, and raising the Puerto Rican flag in defiance of the Gag Law. As a result, the US President declared martial law and ordered Army and Air Force attacks on the town. The Nationalists held on for awhile, but were arrested and sentenced to life in prison after 3 days. Much of Jayuya was destroyed, and the incident was not fairly covered by US media, with the US President even saying it was “an incident between Puerto Ricans.”

Celia Sanchez
Most people know Fidel Castro and Che Guevara, but fewer people have heard of Celia Sanchez, the woman at the heart of the Cuban Revolution who has even been rumored to be the main decision-maker. After the March 10, 1952 coup, Celia joined the struggle against the Batista government. She was a founder of the 26th of July Movement, leader of combat squads throughout the revolution, controlled group resources, and even made the arrangements for the Granma landing, which transported 82 fighters from Mexico to Cuba in order to overthrow Batista. After the revolution, Celia remained with Castro until her death.

Kathleen Neal Cleaver
Kathleen Neal Cleaver was a member of the Black Panther Party and the first female member of the Party’s decision-making body. She served as spokesperson and press secretary and organized the national campaign to free the Party’s minister of defense, Huey Newton, who had been jailed. She and other women, such as Angela Davis, made up around 2/3 of the Party at one point, despite the notion that the BPP was overwhelmingly masculine.

Asmaa Mahfouz
Asmaa Mahfouz is a modern-day revolutionary who is credited with sparking the January 2011 uprising in Egypt through a video blog post encouraging others to join her in protest in Tahrir Square. She is considered one of the leaders of the Egyptian Revolution and is a prominent member of Egypt’s Coalition of the Youth of the Revolution.

These 10 women are but the tip of the iceberg when it comes to female revolutionaries. Let us know who you’d like to see in a list of female revolutionaries.

Source

(via fuckyeahwarriorwomen)

friendlycloud:

coelasquid:

Whenever people point to Mary Shelley and say “a woman invented sci-fi you know” I just think “well, I mean, technically a woman invented the whole concept of authoring books as far as we can tell but hey who’s keeping track”

Something far too few people know:

the first known writer was a woman

(Source: Wikipedia)

awelltraveledwoman:

karidevereaux:

…an ode to 1970s skater girls. 

this is amazing

(via karlkaos)

fyeah-history:

Hannie SchaftJannetje Johanna (Jo) Schaft (16 September 1920 – 17 April 1945), was a Dutch communist resistance fighter during World War II. She became known as the girl with the red hair. Her secret name in the resistance movement was Hannie.

Hannie became active during the German occupation of the Netherlands.  She joined the communist movement because they were actively resisting, and helped out by learning to speak fluent German, providing ID cards and food coupons for those hiding out.  Only 25 when she died, she was arrested at a military checkpoint for distributing an illegal communist newspaper.  She was executed by a firing squad of two men.  When the first shot failed to kill her, her reported last words were, “I shoot better than you.”  She was then killed by the second man.

fyeah-history:

Hannie Schaft
Jannetje Johanna (Jo) Schaft (16 September 1920 – 17 April 1945), was a Dutch communist resistance fighter during World War II. She became known as the girl with the red hair. Her secret name in the resistance movement was Hannie.

Hannie became active during the German occupation of the Netherlands.  She joined the communist movement because they were actively resisting, and helped out by learning to speak fluent German, providing ID cards and food coupons for those hiding out.  Only 25 when she died, she was arrested at a military checkpoint for distributing an illegal communist newspaper.  She was executed by a firing squad of two men.  When the first shot failed to kill her, her reported last words were, “I shoot better than you.”  She was then killed by the second man.

fyeah-history:

Empress Dowager CixiEmpress Dowager Cixi, of the Manchu Yehenara clan, was a powerful and charismatic woman who unofficially but effectively controlled the Manchu Qing Dynasty in China for 47 years from 1861 to her death in 1908.

Empress Dowager Cixi was a shrewd political player as well.  She was crowned Empress Dowager Cixi at 27 after the Emperor Xianfeng’s death.  Until her own death, she effectively manipulated the court into doing her will, including working over and around (and sometimes through) people that got in her way.  For example the 8 Regent Ministers, who resented what they saw as her interference in status quo politics, frequently tried to stymie her.  In retaliation, she secretly gathered allies from those the Ministers had made enemies of and staged a coup that left three of the 8 executed (she only executed 3 to show how noble she was).  This lady did not eff around.
She also suffered no BS from anyone, friends or enemies.  She had  one long-standing ally named Prince Gong - that is, until he showed too much ambition and gathered far too much military and popular support.  When he became a real threat to her rule, despite the aid he’d given her in the Xinyou Palace Coup, she cut his political feet out from under him and demoted him, allowing him to keep only an empty title without power.  He would never return to his former power again.
Dowager Empress Cixi is often vilified as a tyrannical and despotic ruler, but she did manage to control the Qing dynasty for 47 years, and most of her bad press may have been created by her opponents.  Read more about her here >

fyeah-history:

Empress Dowager Cixi
Empress Dowager Cixi, of the Manchu Yehenara clan, was a powerful and charismatic woman who unofficially but effectively controlled the Manchu Qing Dynasty in China for 47 years from 1861 to her death in 1908.

Empress Dowager Cixi was a shrewd political player as well.  She was crowned Empress Dowager Cixi at 27 after the Emperor Xianfeng’s death.  Until her own death, she effectively manipulated the court into doing her will, including working over and around (and sometimes through) people that got in her way.  For example the 8 Regent Ministers, who resented what they saw as her interference in status quo politics, frequently tried to stymie her.  In retaliation, she secretly gathered allies from those the Ministers had made enemies of and staged a coup that left three of the 8 executed (she only executed 3 to show how noble she was).  This lady did not eff around.

She also suffered no BS from anyone, friends or enemies.  She had  one long-standing ally named Prince Gong - that is, until he showed too much ambition and gathered far too much military and popular support.  When he became a real threat to her rule, despite the aid he’d given her in the Xinyou Palace Coup, she cut his political feet out from under him and demoted him, allowing him to keep only an empty title without power.  He would never return to his former power again.

Dowager Empress Cixi is often vilified as a tyrannical and despotic ruler, but she did manage to control the Qing dynasty for 47 years, and most of her bad press may have been created by her opponents.  Read more about her here >

weirdvintage:

Mystery writer Agatha Christie with her surf board “Fred” in 1922.  She was one of the earliest Britons to master stand-up surfing while visiting Hawaii. (via Retronaut)

weirdvintage:

Mystery writer Agatha Christie with her surf board “Fred” in 1922.  She was one of the earliest Britons to master stand-up surfing while visiting Hawaii. (via Retronaut)

(Source: weirdvintage)

There were no educated women: Fatima al-Fihri

medievallyaccurate:

imageCourtyard, Al-Qarawiyyin University, Fes. Morocco(by Khonsali)

Fatima Muhammad Al-Fihri (فاطمة محمد الفهري)(?-880) was an Arab Muslim woman who, along with her sister Mariam, supported the construction of several mosque and education centres, the most famous of which is the University of…

asianhistory:

 Qiu Jin (November 8, 1875 - July 15, 1907) was a Chinese anti-Qing Empire revolutionary, feminist and writer. She was executed after a failed uprising and today is considered a hero in China. “The Woman Knight of Mirror Lake.” Born in Minhou, Fujian Province, Qiu grew up in Shanyin Village, Shaoxing Subprefecture, Zhejiang Province. Married, Qiu found herself in contact with new ideas. In 1904 she decided to travel overseas and study in Japan, leaving her two children behind. She was known by her acquaintances for wearing Western male dress and for her left-wing ideology. She joined the Triads, who at the time advocated the overthrow of the Qing dynasty and return of Chinese government to the Chinese people. She joined the anti-Qing societies Guangfuhui, led by Cai Yuanpei, and the Tokyo-based Tongmenghui led by Sun Yat-sen. She returned to China in 1905. She was an eloquent orator who spoke out for women’s rights, such as the freedom to marry, freedom of education, and abolishment of bound feet. In 1906 she founded a radical women’s journal with another female poet, Xu Zihua, in Shanghai. In 1907 she became head of the Datong school in Shaoxing, ostensibly a school for sport teachers, but really intended for the military training of revolutionaries. After an uprising led by her cousin Xu Xilin failed in July 1907, Qiu was arrested in her school. She was tortured by Qing officials in order to make her reveal secrets but did not succumb; a few days later she was publicly executed in her home village, Shanyin, at the age of 31. Qiu was immortalized in Republican China’s popular consciousness and literature after her death. She is now buried beside West Lake in Hangzhou. The People’s Republic of China established a museum for her in Shaoxing City.

asianhistory:

Qiu Jin (November 8, 1875 - July 15, 1907) was a Chinese anti-Qing Empire revolutionary, feminist and writer. She was executed after a failed uprising and today is considered a hero in China. “The Woman Knight of Mirror Lake.” Born in Minhou, Fujian Province, Qiu grew up in Shanyin Village, Shaoxing Subprefecture, Zhejiang Province. Married, Qiu found herself in contact with new ideas. In 1904 she decided to travel overseas and study in Japan, leaving her two children behind. She was known by her acquaintances for wearing Western male dress and for her left-wing ideology. She joined the Triads, who at the time advocated the overthrow of the Qing dynasty and return of Chinese government to the Chinese people. She joined the anti-Qing societies Guangfuhui, led by Cai Yuanpei, and the Tokyo-based Tongmenghui led by Sun Yat-sen. She returned to China in 1905. She was an eloquent orator who spoke out for women’s rights, such as the freedom to marry, freedom of education, and abolishment of bound feet. In 1906 she founded a radical women’s journal with another female poet, Xu Zihua, in Shanghai. In 1907 she became head of the Datong school in Shaoxing, ostensibly a school for sport teachers, but really intended for the military training of revolutionaries. After an uprising led by her cousin Xu Xilin failed in July 1907, Qiu was arrested in her school. She was tortured by Qing officials in order to make her reveal secrets but did not succumb; a few days later she was publicly executed in her home village, Shanyin, at the age of 31. Qiu was immortalized in Republican China’s popular consciousness and literature after her death. She is now buried beside West Lake in Hangzhou. The People’s Republic of China established a museum for her in Shaoxing City.
femininefreak:

Did you know?
There was a “female Paul Revere” named Sybil Ludington who rode twice as far and was only 16 at the time?
Put women back into history.
Read more here…

femininefreak:

Did you know?

There was a “female Paul Revere” named Sybil Ludington who rode twice as far and was only 16 at the time?

Put women back into history.

Read more here